Евгений Водзинский

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6 lesson

Auxiliary verbs haben (have) and sein (be) in present (Präsens).

The use of connectives as verbs.

Saying in German never miss. That is the rule. The meaning of the German sentence without the predicate will be incomprehensible to the interlocutor.

There are sentences in which predicates do not carry a special semantic load. These predicates are expressed in verbs. haben (to have) and sein (to be). Verb sein (to be) in textbooks is called the verb bunch. These verbs refer to irregular verbs. Их особенности спряжения необходимо запоминать.

Table №6.1. Conjugation of verbs haben and sein.

Haben (have) Sein (be)
ich habe bin
du hast bist
er/sie/es hat ist
wir haben sind
ihr habt seid
haben sind

These verbs can either speak independently, that is, alone, or to have auxiliary value, that is, to be in a team with another verb, which makes sense. In this lesson we will consider the simplest cases.

Consider a situation in which the verb haben can help us. «Ich habe einen Bruder», - This is what the sentence looks like in German. In Russian it turns out: «I have a brother». In this case, the verb haben it is used as an independent verb in the meaning of having and in Russian in most cases it is translated as I have (it, he, etc.) have.

In English we say:«It's a pen». The Germans will say: «Das ist ein Kugelschreiber». This sentence uses the verb bunch sein (be).

Stable expressions exist with verbs. haben and sein, such as the:

Hunger haben - be hungry (literally: have hunger)

Durst haben - thirsty (literally: have thirst)

Zeit haben - to have time

Glück haben = Schwein haben -To be lucky (Ich habe Glück. - I'm lucky.)

haben es genug - bother (Ich habe es genug. - I'm tired of it, enough of me.)

haben es eilig - hurry (Ich habe es eilig. - I'm in a hurry.)

von Beruf sein - be by profession

zu Hause sein - be at home

Beschäftigt sein - be busy

Krank sein - get sick (literally: be sick)

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  • der Advokat - lawyer
  • der Akrobat - acrobat
  • Beschäftigt sein - be busy
  • ein Bruder - brother
  • Durst haben - thirsty
  • Glück haben - to be lucky
  • haben - have
  • haben es eilig - hurry
  • haben es genug - bother
  • Hunger haben - be hungry
  • Krank sein - being sick
  • ein Kugelschreiber - ball pen
  • sein - be
  • von Beruf sein - be by profession
  • Zeit haben - to have time
  • zu Hause sein - be at home